5G technology ushers in an era of new connectivity. 5G, or the 5th generation of communications, is the latest mobile broadband standard to enter the market. The latest generation was 4G LTE, the implementation of which began in 2010, it allowed to send video content via mobile communication and increase the data transfer speed.
With the development of existing technologies and the emergence of new ones, the world longs to get instant access to the network and have the fastest Internet.
In fact, over the next five years, the total amount of data created in the world is expected to grow 3.5 times, from 50.5 zettabytes (ST) this year to 175 ST in 2025. This is one trillion gigabytes (GB) of data worldwide.
To allow devices to keep up with the times, developers are constantly trying to increase productivity and the speed of human-machine interaction.
One of such big victories for 2020 is the creation of 5G communications, which has recently attracted close attention not only due to its capabilities to expand mobile broadband access, but also due to concerns that could lead to a digital malfunction in several industries.
5G is an improved form of communication, the data transfer rate is several GB per second, the latency (response time of the web application) is significantly reduced – up to several milliseconds, network bandwidth and connection density are growing.
All of these settings are critical to the work of the Internet of Things (IoT) and have their own security benefits.
Currently, 5G is available in only a few countries: in South Korea, the USA and Australia, it still has a limited deployment area, but it is estimated that it covers 65% of mobile subscribers worldwide. Industries are expected to benefit from the benefits of 5G connectivity, especially with large-scale deployments of cloud computing around the world.
Five industries in the world will benefit most from 5G networks and increase their speed of implementation.
5G Impact On Industry And Manufacturing
Industrial companies benefit from super-fast communications, real-time data analysis, and automation and the expansion of the Internet of things in factories.
Production processes will become more efficient while reducing time and costs. Smart factories are the next step in the Industrial Revolution.
In fact, the foundation for 5G has already been laid: robots work in warehouses, many work processes are automated, fully automated “unmanned production” appears.
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5G Technology Makes A Breakthrough In The Automotive Industry
While the world with bated breath is waiting for the unmanned auto industry to make its belated revolution, 5G has the potential to help the industry.
5G facilitates communication between vehicles, efficiently and quickly collects data for all geographical areas. In addition to providing the opportunity to use autonomous or electric vehicles, she also deals with other more important aspects of urban transport, such as traffic control.
This is where the potential of 5G technology lies – it will be possible to reduce the time for the road, driver assistance systems will be improved.
5G Use In Healthcare
The coronavirus pandemic has shown how critical health care is for every inhabitant of the earth, and what can happen if not enough attention is paid to this critical service in terms of technological innovation, resources and training.
The rapid development of startups in the field of telemedicine and digital therapy should be expected, and the evolution of more rare types of technologies in the field of healthcare – remote surgery and spatial computing in healthcare – is also expected.
In addition, 5G can also contribute to the development of individual technical tools – devices for analyzing real-time medical data and personal wearable health monitoring devices.
5G Technology Will Take Entertainment To A New Level
Data transfer speed is very important in the entertainment industry. Every day, people spend about three hours consuming exclusively online content. The Internet has become a major entertainment tool for people all over the world.
Social networks such as TikTok have shown that you can achieve success and popularity simply by uploading videos, but some users do not want to wait until the content is buffered. People actively use OTT platforms when high-quality content arrives right on your device.
The growing interest in presence-based games also means that in order to saturate demand, consumer broadband Internet access will have to support simulation technologies such as augmented or virtual reality.
5G Is A Revolution In The Energy Sector
The energy industry is another important sector that is expected to be influenced by 5G, in terms of access, distribution management and resource use.
5G offers opportunities for expanding the functions of smart grids to manage energy needs, and also enables companies to increase energy efficiency and provide remote access using the Internet of things technology. Thus, one of the great 5G energy benefits is efficient energy distribution.
In addition, with the function of analyzing large amounts of data, 5G will help authorities manage energy costs and efficiently distribute energy to reduce energy losses during outages, as well as reduce resource consumption and costs.
This list is far from complete. 5G expands its perspectives in financial services, retail, smart urban infrastructure, and even agriculture.
However, implementing 5G is not so simple. People and businesses do not want to spend big money on the superfast Internet.
Infrastructure modernization is required, which requires the installation of more cell towers and the provision of compatible devices. All this costs money. Humanity is seriously concerned that the spread of 5G could cause serious health problems due to increased levels of exposure to radio frequency radiation.
It is necessary to strengthen security measures and protect confidentiality regarding cell towers, especially in terms of combating fake cell towers. It will be necessary to tighten authentication methods in connected networks.
But look at how communications evolved – the first generation of communications made it possible to transmit analog voice, 2G had already dealt with digital voice, all this was followed by 3G with mobile data, and finally 4G provided mobile broadband. Obviously, the next step in the development of wireless network technologies is 5G.
The widespread adoption of 5G will be a real test, which will show how the network standard can fulfill its promise. Already now you can see – the world is on the way to mastering new methods of digital communication at powerful speeds.